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The name comes from the Latin word 'foenum', which means 'hay'. It grows up to 2 meters (6 feet) in height and is a perennial or biennial herb, with green featherlike leaves and golden yellow flowers liked by bees. In Medieval times it is known as 'Fenkle' and is a much favorite herb with the Egyptians, ancient Chinese, and Romans, that considered it to be the symbol of longevity, strength and courage as well as of spirits. Not only did they employ it to fortify eyesight, but was also used for treating colic, snakebites and to rid dogs of insects.
Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is excerpted from Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce that is sweet fennel (also famous as F. officinale, F. capillaceum and Anethum foeniculum) of the Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) family and is also famed as Roman fennel and fenkel. Sweet fennel oil (the one we sell) is excerpted from crushed seeds by steam distillation and give an output 2 - 4 %. Bitter fennel oil, not utilized for aromatherapy, is excerpted from the crushed seeds and the total herb of the Foeniculum vulgare plant. The Fennel Essential Oil blends well with lavender, rose, geranium and sandalwood.
The main chemical components of Sweet Fennel Essential Oil are a-pinene, chavicol, limonene, 1,8-cineole, myrcene, fenchone, methyl, trans-anethole and aldehyde.
Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is carminative, depurative, aperitif, antiseptic, antispasmodic, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, stomachic, splenic, tonic, expectorant, galactagogue, laxative and vermifuge. It has a hereby, somewhat spicy smell, much like flavoring and is clear in consistency.